Turkish people are counting down the days for the parliamentary elections which will take place this Sunday.
For those who have no idea about Turkish politics, well, just so you know, there has not been a lot to tell since 2002.
In short, the ruling party AKP (Justice and Development Party) has been dominating all political seats, from municipality to presidential level. There are several reasons for this fact of course. One of them – IMHO- is lack of proper opposition. But there is another reason, directly effecting the quality and the quantity of the opposition in the parliament: the election threshold.
Our electoral system requires a party to win at least 10 % of the whole national vote in order to have seats in the parliament. Just for you to compare, the national threshold in European countries is 4 or 5 % and in Russia it is 7, which makes Turkey rank number 1 in the world.
Today I have come across a comperative chart on The Guardian about the national threshold and how it would have affected other countries if they’d had the same system.
For instance, there would have been no seats for German Green Party members in the Bundestag as they’d had only 8.4 % of the votes in 2013 elections. Or if we applied it to the British elections of this year, SNP and Liberal Democrats would have had to lose their seats as they couldn’t achieve the threshold.
Pretty fun, isn’t it?
For the first time in years, we have a possibility of having more parties passing the threshold this year -at least only one:HDP-. But without changing the system, it is obvious that we will keep facing the same problem of being represented by the same parties over and over again. I hope the ruling party –whichever it d be- would have the courage to change the system for the future.
Fingers crossed for Turkey and “Turkish kind of democray” !